- Objective: The review aims to summarize experimental and clinical data on the effects of certain nutrients, including magnesium, on mental health disorders such as stress, anxiety, poor sleep quality, and cognitive performance.
- Context: It emphasizes the importance of diet and nutrition in maintaining mental well-being, especially considering the global aging population and the increasing prevalence of mental and neurological disorders.
- Nutrients Focused: The review examines magnesium, folic acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and alpha-tocopherol.
- Approach: This is a narrative review, meaning it compiles and synthesizes existing research rather than conducting new experimental studies.
- Data Sources: The review analyzes experimental and clinical data reported in the literature, focusing on the mentioned nutrients and their impact on various mental health disorders.
Researchers' Summary of Findings (Based on Initial Sections)
- Mental Health Importance: The review underscores the WHO's definition of mental health as an integral part of overall health, highlighting the need for well-being where individuals can cope with stress, work productively, and contribute to their community.
- Impact of Lifestyle: It notes the expected rise in mood-related disorders and stress-induced cognitive impairment globally, linking lifestyle changes induced by stress to overnutrition, reduced physical activity, obesity, and metabolic syndrome.
- Neuroendocrine Pathways: The review discusses how alterations in energy expenditure balance can disrupt metabolism-immune system crosstalk, leading to systemic inflammation and increased risk of depression and cognitive impairment.