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    Wild Blog — coffee

    Arabica vs Robusta: A Tale of Two Coffee Beans


    As a coffee lover, you've likely heard of Arabica and Robusta beans, the two primary species of coffee grown globally. Both varieties have distinct characteristics, flavors, and price points, making them popular among diverse coffee drinkers.

    This article explores the differences between these coffee bean types, offering insights into their origins, cultivation, and taste profiles.

    Origins and Cultivation

    Arabica (Coffea arabica)

    Originating in the highlands of Ethiopia, Arabica coffee is the most widely consumed coffee bean species worldwide, accounting for around 60-70% of global production. Arabica beans thrive in higher altitudes, between 2,000 and 6,000 feet above sea level.

    They require a specific temperature range of 15-24°C (59-75°F) and ample rainfall to flourish. Due to their delicate nature, Arabica plants are more susceptible to pests, diseases, and frost, making them a more challenging and expensive variety to cultivate.

    Robusta (Coffea canephora)

    Robusta beans, native to the lowlands of Western and Central Africa, account for roughly 30-40% of global coffee production. Nevertheless, Robusta plants do best between 0 and 2,500 feet above sea level, whereas Arabica plants do best at higher altitudes. 

    Its increased resistance to disease and pests can be attributed to its naturally occurring insecticide, caffeine. Robusta coffee plants can withstand more extreme temperatures, ranging from 18-36°C (64-97°F), and require less rainfall, making them more accessible and less expensive to cultivate.


    Price and Quality

    Arabica beans typically fetch a higher price in the market due to their more detailed flavor profiles and the higher cultivation costs. However, the quality of coffee beans depends on various factors, including altitude, climate, soil, and processing methods.

    While Arabica is generally considered superior, high-quality Robusta beans can outshine low-grade Arabica beans in taste and aroma.

    Frequently Asked Questions: Arabica vs. Robusta

    What are the two primary species of coffee beans grown globally?

    The two primary species of coffee beans grown globally are Arabica (Coffea arabica) and Robusta (Coffea canephora).

    Where do Arabica beans originate and what percentage of global production do they account for?

    Arabica beans originate from the highlands of Ethiopia and account for around 60-70% of global coffee production.

    What are the ideal growing conditions for Arabica coffee plants?

    Arabica coffee plants thrive in higher altitudes, between 2,000 and 6,000 feet above sea level, with a specific temperature range of 15-24°C (59-75°F) and ample rainfall.

    Where do Robusta beans come from, and what percentage of global production do they account for?

    Robusta beans are native to the lowlands of Western and Central Africa and account for approximately 30-40% of global coffee production.

    What are the ideal growing conditions for Robusta coffee plants?

    Robusta coffee plants do best between 0 and 2,500 feet above sea level, with a temperature range of 18-36°C (64-97°F) and less rainfall than Arabica plants.

    How do the flavor profiles of Arabica and Robusta beans differ?

    Arabica beans have a diverse, sweet, fruity, and floral flavor profile, while Robusta beans have a more pungent, bitter taste with earthy, nutty, and chocolatey notes.

    Which type of coffee bean has higher caffeine content?

    Robusta beans have higher caffeine content (approximately 2-2.7% by weight) compared to Arabica beans (around 1-1.5% by weight).

    Why are Arabica beans generally more expensive than Robusta beans?

    Arabica beans are more expensive due to their more detailed flavor profiles, as well as higher cultivation costs resulting from their delicate nature and susceptibility to pests, diseases, and frost.

    Is Arabica always considered superior to Robusta?

    Although Arabica is generally considered superior, high-quality Robusta beans can outshine low-grade Arabica beans in taste and aroma.

    How can I decide which type of coffee bean suits my palate?

    Sample various blends and single-origin coffees to appreciate the rich world of flavors and determine which type of coffee bean suits your palate.

    Interesting Facts

    Arabica coffee beans originated in the highlands of Ethiopia and account for around 60-70% of global coffee production, while Robusta beans are native to Western and Central Africa and make up roughly 30-40% of global production.

    Arabica beans thrive at higher altitudes (2,000-6,000 feet above sea level) and require specific temperature ranges (15-24°C) and ample rainfall, whereas Robusta beans do best at lower altitudes (0-2,500 feet above sea level) and can withstand more extreme temperatures (18-36°C) with less rainfall.

    Arabica beans have a diverse and nuanced flavor profile, often described as sweet, fruity, and floral with varying acidity, while Robusta beans have a more pungent, bitter taste with earthy, nutty, and chocolatey notes.

    Arabica beans have a lower caffeine content (around 1-1.5% by weight) compared to Robusta beans, which have a higher caffeine content (approximately 2-2.7% by weight).

    Although Arabica beans generally fetch a higher price in the market due to their more detailed flavor profiles and higher cultivation costs, high-quality Robusta beans can sometimes outshine low-grade Arabica beans in taste and aroma.

    Related Studies

    "A comparison of the sensory and chemical characteristics of Arabica and Robusta coffee"

    This study investigates the sensory and chemical differences between Arabica and Robusta coffee beans. The researchers conducted a series of tests and analyses, revealing that Arabica beans contain more lipids and sugars, contributing to their complex flavor profile, while Robusta beans have higher levels of chlorogenic acids, which contribute to their bitterness.
    Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0963996904000560

    "The impact of climate change on coffee production: Arabica vs. Robusta"

    This study explores the potential impact of climate change on Arabica and Robusta coffee production. The findings suggest that climate change could lead to a decline in suitable areas for Arabica cultivation, while some regions may become more suitable for Robusta production. The study emphasizes the need for adaptive strategies to maintain global coffee supply.
    Link: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10584-018-2309-x

    "Genetic diversity of wild Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) using molecular markers"

    This study examines the genetic diversity of wild Arabica coffee populations in Ethiopia. The results reveal that wild Arabica coffee has a high level of genetic diversity, providing valuable insights into the genetic resources available for coffee improvement and conservation efforts.
    Link: https://academic.oup.com/aob/article/93/2/231/174655

    "Caffeine content of prepacked national-brand and private-label carbonated beverages"

    This study analyzes the caffeine content in Arabica and Robusta coffee beans, highlighting the differences between the two species. The research confirms that Robusta beans generally have higher caffeine content than Arabica beans, contributing to their stronger and more bitter taste.
    Link: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17654295/

    "Specialty Coffee: How Does Altitude Influence Cup Quality?"

    This study investigates the influence of altitude on the cup quality of Arabica coffee. The researchers found that coffee beans grown at higher altitudes generally exhibited more desirable flavor attributes, with increased acidity and complexity, compared to those grown at lower elevations. This supports the preference for high-altitude Arabica beans in the specialty coffee industry.
    Link: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10942912.2011.614688


    If you want to pick the best coffee for your needs, it helps to know the distinctions between Arabica and Robusta beans. Arabica beans offer a more refined and diverse taste experience, while Robusta beans provide a robust, strong, and bold flavor.

    The best way to decide which suits your palate is to sample various blends and single-origin coffees, allowing you to appreciate coffee's rich world of flavors.

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    Why Coffee is Good for You


    Coffee is now the most consumed drink in the world, next only to water. We rely on it so much that many of us don’t consider ourselves fully functional or awake until we’ve had our cup of joe in the morning. Not to mention at noon, in the afternoon, after we get home from work, etc.

    If you can’t live without coffee, here’s good news; every cup you drink is good for you. Here’s how:

    Coffee fights free radicals.

    Free radicals form in our bodies due to our exposure to pollution and other harmful elements. We need antioxidants to neutralize those free radicals; coffee is a good source.

    In particular, two essential antioxidants can be found in coffee; chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid. Cocoa and tea are good antioxidants, but cup-for-cup coffee contains more antioxidants than both beverages.

    It can prevent cardiovascular disease.

    Some people immediately discount this benefit because coffee causes palpitations and an elevated heartbeat. However, unfiltered coffee contains the antioxidants cafestol and kahweol; these two help balance the cholesterol in the body. 

    Also, coffee intake is associated with lower risks of heart failure and stroke as it allows the release of fatty acids from fatty tissue.

    It improves alertness and brain performance.

    This should be no surprise, considering coffee stimulates the central nervous system. How does this work?

    Our brains have a chemical called adenosine; this chemical tells the brain it is tired and needs rest after a certain period of use. The caffeine in coffee suppresses the actions of adenosine, temporarily increasing our alertness and thought processes for a while.

    Studies also found that the antioxidants in coffee may protect against Parkinson’s disease, prevent dementia, and can be helpful as a treatment for Alzheimer’s disease.

    It improves physical performance.

    It’s not hard to imagine athletes guzzling sports drinks, but what about coffee? It was initially thought the caffeine in coffee helped improve how oxygen is absorbed into the athlete’s body, but coffee helps the body in another way.

    Drinking coffee temporarily heightens blood sugar, which can be helpful for prolonged physical activity because sugar becomes a fuel source. Coffee is also suitable for athletes because it stimulates physical activity.

    Coffee protects your liver.

    Studies show that coffee drinkers have lower chances of abnormal liver function. One of these published in the Archives of Internal Medicine revealed that individuals who drank up to four cups of coffee daily were found to have reduced alcoholic liver syndrome by 20 percent.

    How does coffee work for the liver? Drinking coffee reduces the risk of fibrosis (scar tissue in the liver) and cirrhosis, two other liver conditions, according to a report published in June 2016 by the British Liver Trust. Regular consumption of moderate amounts of coffee may also prevent liver cancer.

    Now for the best news; while there is such a thing as too much coffee, you can have at least three up to five cups a day with no grave consequences to your body. So drink up!

    12 Powerful Benefits of MCT Oil (Enhance Your Health Now)


    Looking to supercharge your health and wellness journey? Welcome to the world of MCT oil, a potent supplement that's taking the health and fitness industry by storm. MCT oil is more than just a trend—it's a lifestyle upgrade.

    Whether you're aiming to shed a few pounds, enhance your cognitive function, or simply seeking a natural energy boost, MCT oil could be your secret weapon. Packed with incredible benefits, this powerhouse supplement is transforming lives one drop at a time.

    So, are you ready to dive into the world of MCT oil and discover how it can revolutionize your health? Let's unlock the potential of this game-changing supplement together. Stay tuned as we explore the remarkable benefits of MCT oil.

    Key Takeaways

    • MCT oil can aid in weight loss by reducing calorie intake and promoting fat burning.
    • MCT oil is an excellent energy source that improves athletic performance, boosts mental focus, and may assist in managing neurological conditions like epilepsy and Alzheimer's.
    • MCT oil promotes gut health by improving microbiome balance, combating harmful microorganisms, and regulating satiety hormones.
    • Regular use of high-quality MCT oil combined with a healthy lifestyle can benefit your body and mind.

    What is MCT Oil?

    MCT oil is a dietary supplement derived from coconut oil or palm kernel oil that contains medium-length chains of fats called triglycerides, primarily composed of caprylic and caproic acid.

    Types of MCTs

    MCTs, or medium-chain triglycerides, consist of four main types:

    1. caproic acid (C6)
    2. caprylic acid (C8)
    3. caproic acid (C10)
    4. lauric acid (C12).

    Each type has its unique properties and benefits. For instance, C8 is known for its brain health-promoting effects and infection-fighting capabilities.

    MCTs can be found in various natural sources, including dairy fats like butter, palm kernel oil, and coconut oil.

    Coconut oil stands out for its high content of lauric acid (C12), known for its antimicrobial properties that provide protection against harmful bacteria and viruses.

    For the best health boost, mix different MCTs in your diet. Together, they work better, lifting your wellness to new heights. Let's dive in and unlock their combined power!

    Sources of MCTs

    Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are found in various natural sources, with coconut oil being one of the wealthiest providers. In fact, around 62-65% of the fatty acids in coconut oil are MCTs.

    Another common source is palm kernel oil, although it's worth noting that there are some sustainability concerns regarding its production.

    While eating these foods can provide your body with medium-chain triglycerides to some extent, using a concentrated MCT oil derived from coconuts grants you more targeted benefits, without added calories.

    This concentrated form is produced by refining raw coconut oil through chemical synthesis or fractionation processes.

    What are the Benefits of MCT Oil?

    Ready to supercharge your health? Discover the incredible benefits of MCT oil! From boosting heart health to slashing the risk of heart disease, MCT oil is the secret ingredient your diet needs. Let's dive into the amazing perks of this nutritional superstar.

    MCT Oil promotes weight loss

    One of the appealing factors of MCT oil for weight management enthusiasts is its lower calorie content compared to long-chain triglycerides (LCTs). MCT oil contains about 10% fewer calories than LCTs.

    This can make a significant difference when reducing your daily caloric intake to shed unwanted pounds.

    You typically consume 100 grams of fat from LCT sources daily; by switching half of that amount with MCT oil instead (50 grams), you would save around 45 calories per day without compromising on energy sources.

    Consuming MCT oil can reduce calorie intake, potentially aiding in weight management.

    Additionally, some evidence suggests that MCT oil could promote modest weight loss in individuals with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.

    When used with a weight-loss diet, MCT oil promotes a higher weight and fat mass loss rate than olive oil.

    MCT Oil boosts energy

    MCT oil is a fantastic source of energy that can support your body during physical activity and exercise.

    Unlike long-chain triglycerides, MCTs are rapidly absorbed by the liver, where they're quickly transformed into ketones - a potent source of fuel for your brain and body.

    This means that consuming MCT oil can provide an immediate burst of energy to help push you through tough workouts or boost mental focus when you need it most.

    Improved athletic endurance

    MCT oil may be the solution for those looking to boost their athletic performance. MCT oil provides an immediate energy source for the body, leading to quick absorption and transportation throughout the bloodstream.

    This rapid energy boost can improve exercise performance and endurance as you take high-intensity workouts.

    Furthermore, MCTs are converted by the liver into ketones, which serve as an alternate fuel source for your brain and body during activity.

    Enhanced cognitive function

    The medium-chain triglycerides in MCT oil are easily absorbed and quickly converted into ketones, which can cross the blood-brain barrier and provide an immediate energy source for the brain.

    Studies have found that MCT oil can enhance memory and overall cognitive function, especially in individuals with Alzheimer's disease or age-related cognitive decline.

    Additionally, MCTs have anti-inflammatory properties that protect against oxidative stress and damage to the brain.

    Management of epilepsy, alzheimer's & autism

    The medium-chain triglycerides in MCT oil are rapidly broken down by the liver, producing ketones that can serve as an energy source for brain cells.

    Studies have shown that MCT oil supplementation can decrease seizure frequency in children with drug-resistant epilepsy.

    Similarly, MCTs have been linked to improvements in cognitive function and memory retention among elderly individuals with mild cognitive impairment.

    While MCT oil cannot cure these conditions alone, using it with a comprehensive treatment plan can help reduce symptoms and better the overall quality of life for individuals affected.

    MCT Oil improves gut health

    MCT oil contains fatty acids that have potent antimicrobial effects. These fatty acids can fight yeast and bacterial growth in the gut, promoting a healthier microbiome and improving gastrointestinal and metabolic health.

    MCTs are so effective at combating harmful bacteria and fungi like Candida albicans and Clostridium difficile that they are sometimes prescribed to patients with intestinal infections.

    Additionally, MCTs promote beneficial gut bacteria growth and improve gut motility. Reducing digestive issues like constipation makes MCT oil a popular supplement among those with gastrointestinal disorders such as IBD or IBS.

    Lastly, MCTs regulate gut hormones, improving satiety and overall gut health by balancing out hunger hormones like Ghrelin and Neuropeptide Y.

    MCT Oil & heart health

    Enjoying MCT oil can boost your heart health and even cut down your risk of heart disease.

    Studies suggest that MCT oil promotes a healthier cholesterol ratio than other oils, potentially preventing atherosclerosis and improving cardiovascular health.

    Additionally, MCTs may help lower risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure and elevated triglyceride levels.

    It's key to remember that excessive MCT oil use may lead to a larger intake of saturated fat, which is linked to a greater risk of heart disease.

    MCT Oil reduces inflammation

    MCT oil has powerful anti-inflammatory properties. Chronic inflammation is linked to various health issues like heart disease and certain cancers.

    Moreover, MCTs have improved gut health by fighting yeast and bacterial growth in the stomach. This improved gastrointestinal balance leads to lower levels of systemic inflammation throughout the body.

    Using MCT oil may be a great option if you suffer from autoimmune diseases like Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis characterized by chronic inflammation.

    Helps manage blood sugar levels

    MCT oil works by increasing the production of ketone bodies in your liver, which are more readily used as energy than glucose and don't require insulin to be absorbed into cells.

    While research suggests that MCT oil may have benefits for managing blood sugar levels, it should not replace conventional medical treatments.

    MCT Oil increases muscle strength

    A study has shown that consuming MCT oil during high-intensity exercise can improve performance and increase fat burning.

    Moreover, MCT oil promotes "thermogenesis," which produces heat in your body that burns calories.

    Increasing thermogenesis, MCT oil helps create a favorable environment for building muscles through high-intensity exercise such as fasting or lifting weights.

    If you're considering using MCT oil to increase muscle strength, choose a reputable brand with pure C8 (caprylic acid) content to avoid adverse side effects like gastrointestinal discomfort.

    MCT Oil enhances immune function

    MCTs' antimicrobial and antifungal effects can help fight off harmful pathogens and fungi that can weaken the immune system.

    MCT oil can also increase white blood cell production, essential for fighting infections.

    In studies, MCTs have been shown to benefit gut health by promoting the growth of helpful gut bacteria while limiting the growth of dangerous germs.

    Finally, MCT oil provides an immediate source of energy that supports immune function. When your body is low on energy due to fatigue or stress, it may not mount an effective response against potential threats.

    MCT Oil supports ketosis

    MCT oil supports the state of ketosis, where the body burns fat as fuel instead of carbohydrates, by providing an instant source of ketones to the liver.

    One way to enhance the effects of this diet is by adding MCT oil to your meals or drinks.

    MCT oil can increase ketone production and energy levels, which is essential for reaching and maintaining a state of ketosis.

    How To Choose & Use MCT Oil

    When choosing an MCT oil, opt for a high-quality brand that uses pure and sustainable sources like coconut oil and look for those with a higher concentration of caprylic acid (C8) and caproic acid (C10).

    Start with a low dosage to avoid digestive upset, gradually increasing as tolerated.

    MCT Oil dosage recommendations

    Here are some key points to keep in mind:

    • The recommended dosage of MCT oil can vary widely depending on individual goals and needs.
    • Some people start with as little as 5 grams per day and gradually increase the dosage over time, while others may consume up to 70 grams per day.
    • To achieve weight loss or enter ketosis, it is generally advised by experts to begin with a small amount of MCT
    • Dosages above 30 grams daily may cause side effects such as loose stools, diarrhea, incontinence, gas, bloating, abdominal pain, or cramping.
    • Organic MCT oil is recommended to ensure the highest quality and purity.

    Remember that more is not always better regarding supplements like MCT oil. Start with a conservative dosage and listen to your body's response before increasing the amount consumed.

    Cooking with MCT Oil

    If you want to include MCT oil in your diet, cooking with it is a great way to reap some benefits. Here are some ways to use MCT oil in cooking:

    1. Use it as a salad dressing - substitute your regular salad dressing with MCT oil and your favorite herbs and spices for a healthy alternative.
    2. Add it to smoothies - blend MCT oil into your favorite recipe for an energy boost and a creamy texture.
    3. Substitute coconut oil in baked goods - replace coconut oil with MCT oil when baking for healthier fats that support weight management.
    4. Make homemade mayonnaise - use MCT oil as the base for homemade mayo instead of vegetable oils that can harm your health.

    When using MCT oil in cooking, be sure not to heat it beyond its smoke point of 320°F (160°C). This will preserve its nutritional value while preventing harmful compounds from forming.

    So get creative in the kitchen and enjoy the benefits of incorporating this fantastic supplement into your diet!

    Potential Side Effects of MCT Oil

    It's important to note that MCT oil may cause digestive upset, increased hunger hormones, and loose stools in some individuals. However, these side effects are generally mild and temporary.

    Digestive issues

    Due to its unique digestion and metabolism effects, some individuals may experience stomach discomfort, nausea, bloating, gas, or diarrhea when adding MCT oil to their diet.

    Most folks find MCT oil easy to handle, with only mild symptoms popping up when they first start using it.

    But hey, it's always smart to play it safe. Start with a small dose of MCT oil and slowly up your intake over time. Keep an eye out for any unusual reactions - your body will thank you for the careful approach!

    Remember that MCT oil should not replace a balanced diet or medical treatment for conditions like epilepsy or Alzheimer's.

    Increased hunger hormones

    Ghrelin and neuropeptide Y are two hormones that regulate appetite, and studies have shown mixed results in their response to MCT oil ingestion.

    It's essential to remember that everyone responds differently to dietary changes, so it's crucial to listen to your body.


    MCT oil is a true all-rounder for your health and wellness. It's your go-to for managing weight, revving up energy, nurturing brain health, improving gut wellness, boosting immunity, and promoting ketosis. The benefits just keep coming!

    Remember, though, quality matters and moderation is key. Overdoing it could lead to a bit of tummy trouble. Want to effortlessly incorporate MCT oil into your meals? Try a splash in your smoothies or salad dressings.

    Ready to experience the magic of MCT oil? Check out Wild Foods Co. Organic MCT Oil - it's top-notch quality you can trust. Start your journey towards better health today!


    How does MCT oil contribute to weight management?

    MCT oil is a unique type of fat that can promote increased satiety and enhance metabolism compared to other fats. It's often used as a supplement by individuals seeking to manage their weight as part of a healthy diet. Some studies suggest that MCT oil can increase energy expenditure during exercise, further supporting weight loss efforts.

    Is it safe to consume MCT oil daily?

    While MCT oil is generally safe for most people to consume daily, those with certain medical conditions, such as liver disease, should consult their doctor before adding MCT oil to their diet. It's also important to consider the appropriate dosage for daily intake to avoid potential side effects.

    How can I incorporate MCT oil into my daily routine?

    MCT oil can be easily added to your daily routine. It's commonly added to coffee or smoothies, and can also be used in cooking and baking. The desired amount can be adjusted based on personal needs and preferences, typically starting around 1-2 tablespoons per day and gradually increasing over time if no adverse reactions occur.

    What is the difference between MCT oil and coconut oil?

    While both MCT oil and coconut oil contain medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), they are not the same. MCT oil is a concentrated source of MCTs, while coconut oil contains a variety of fats, including MCTs. Some people may find MCT oil to be a more effective source of quick energy due to its higher concentration of MCTs.

    Can MCT oil improve cognitive function?

    Yes, MCT oil has been linked to enhanced cognitive function. It can help your body produce ketones, an energy source for your brain that doesn't rely on carbs. Some proponents suggest that consuming MCT oil can make your mind sharper.

    How does MCT oil affect gut health?

    MCT oil may promote gut health by fighting harmful bacteria and supporting the growth of beneficial bacteria. This can contribute to a healthy gut microbiome, which is crucial for overall health.