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    Wild Blog — coffee

    Arabica vs Robusta: A Tale of Two Coffee Beans


    As a coffee lover, you've likely heard of Arabica and Robusta beans, the two primary species of coffee grown globally. Both varieties have distinct characteristics, flavors, and price points, making them popular among diverse coffee drinkers.

    This article explores the differences between these coffee bean types, offering insights into their origins, cultivation, and taste profiles.

    Origins and Cultivation

    Arabica (Coffea arabica)

    Originating in the highlands of Ethiopia, Arabica coffee is the most widely consumed coffee bean species worldwide, accounting for around 60-70% of global production. Arabica beans thrive in higher altitudes, between 2,000 and 6,000 feet above sea level.

    They require a specific temperature range of 15-24°C (59-75°F) and ample rainfall to flourish. Due to their delicate nature, Arabica plants are more susceptible to pests, diseases, and frost, making them a more challenging and expensive variety to cultivate.

    Robusta (Coffea canephora)

    Robusta beans, native to the lowlands of Western and Central Africa, account for roughly 30-40% of global coffee production. Nevertheless, Robusta plants do best between 0 and 2,500 feet above sea level, whereas Arabica plants do best at higher altitudes. 

    Its increased resistance to disease and pests can be attributed to its naturally occurring insecticide, caffeine. Robusta coffee plants can withstand more extreme temperatures, ranging from 18-36°C (64-97°F), and require less rainfall, making them more accessible and less expensive to cultivate.


    Price and Quality

    Arabica beans typically fetch a higher price in the market due to their more detailed flavor profiles and the higher cultivation costs. However, the quality of coffee beans depends on various factors, including altitude, climate, soil, and processing methods.

    While Arabica is generally considered superior, high-quality Robusta beans can outshine low-grade Arabica beans in taste and aroma.

    Frequently Asked Questions: Arabica vs. Robusta

    What are the two primary species of coffee beans grown globally?

    The two primary species of coffee beans grown globally are Arabica (Coffea arabica) and Robusta (Coffea canephora).

    Where do Arabica beans originate and what percentage of global production do they account for?

    Arabica beans originate from the highlands of Ethiopia and account for around 60-70% of global coffee production.

    What are the ideal growing conditions for Arabica coffee plants?

    Arabica coffee plants thrive in higher altitudes, between 2,000 and 6,000 feet above sea level, with a specific temperature range of 15-24°C (59-75°F) and ample rainfall.

    Where do Robusta beans come from, and what percentage of global production do they account for?

    Robusta beans are native to the lowlands of Western and Central Africa and account for approximately 30-40% of global coffee production.

    What are the ideal growing conditions for Robusta coffee plants?

    Robusta coffee plants do best between 0 and 2,500 feet above sea level, with a temperature range of 18-36°C (64-97°F) and less rainfall than Arabica plants.

    How do the flavor profiles of Arabica and Robusta beans differ?

    Arabica beans have a diverse, sweet, fruity, and floral flavor profile, while Robusta beans have a more pungent, bitter taste with earthy, nutty, and chocolatey notes.

    Which type of coffee bean has higher caffeine content?

    Robusta beans have higher caffeine content (approximately 2-2.7% by weight) compared to Arabica beans (around 1-1.5% by weight).

    Why are Arabica beans generally more expensive than Robusta beans?

    Arabica beans are more expensive due to their more detailed flavor profiles, as well as higher cultivation costs resulting from their delicate nature and susceptibility to pests, diseases, and frost.

    Is Arabica always considered superior to Robusta?

    Although Arabica is generally considered superior, high-quality Robusta beans can outshine low-grade Arabica beans in taste and aroma.

    How can I decide which type of coffee bean suits my palate?

    Sample various blends and single-origin coffees to appreciate the rich world of flavors and determine which type of coffee bean suits your palate.

    Interesting Facts

    Arabica coffee beans originated in the highlands of Ethiopia and account for around 60-70% of global coffee production, while Robusta beans are native to Western and Central Africa and make up roughly 30-40% of global production.

    Arabica beans thrive at higher altitudes (2,000-6,000 feet above sea level) and require specific temperature ranges (15-24°C) and ample rainfall, whereas Robusta beans do best at lower altitudes (0-2,500 feet above sea level) and can withstand more extreme temperatures (18-36°C) with less rainfall.

    Arabica beans have a diverse and nuanced flavor profile, often described as sweet, fruity, and floral with varying acidity, while Robusta beans have a more pungent, bitter taste with earthy, nutty, and chocolatey notes.

    Arabica beans have a lower caffeine content (around 1-1.5% by weight) compared to Robusta beans, which have a higher caffeine content (approximately 2-2.7% by weight).

    Although Arabica beans generally fetch a higher price in the market due to their more detailed flavor profiles and higher cultivation costs, high-quality Robusta beans can sometimes outshine low-grade Arabica beans in taste and aroma.

    Related Studies

    "A comparison of the sensory and chemical characteristics of Arabica and Robusta coffee"

    This study investigates the sensory and chemical differences between Arabica and Robusta coffee beans. The researchers conducted a series of tests and analyses, revealing that Arabica beans contain more lipids and sugars, contributing to their complex flavor profile, while Robusta beans have higher levels of chlorogenic acids, which contribute to their bitterness.

    "The impact of climate change on coffee production: Arabica vs. Robusta"

    This study explores the potential impact of climate change on Arabica and Robusta coffee production. The findings suggest that climate change could lead to a decline in suitable areas for Arabica cultivation, while some regions may become more suitable for Robusta production. The study emphasizes the need for adaptive strategies to maintain global coffee supply.

    "Genetic diversity of wild Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) using molecular markers"

    This study examines the genetic diversity of wild Arabica coffee populations in Ethiopia. The results reveal that wild Arabica coffee has a high level of genetic diversity, providing valuable insights into the genetic resources available for coffee improvement and conservation efforts.

    "Caffeine content of prepacked national-brand and private-label carbonated beverages"

    This study analyzes the caffeine content in Arabica and Robusta coffee beans, highlighting the differences between the two species. The research confirms that Robusta beans generally have higher caffeine content than Arabica beans, contributing to their stronger and more bitter taste.

    "Specialty Coffee: How Does Altitude Influence Cup Quality?"

    This study investigates the influence of altitude on the cup quality of Arabica coffee. The researchers found that coffee beans grown at higher altitudes generally exhibited more desirable flavor attributes, with increased acidity and complexity, compared to those grown at lower elevations. This supports the preference for high-altitude Arabica beans in the specialty coffee industry.


    If you want to pick the best coffee for your needs, it helps to know the distinctions between Arabica and Robusta beans. Arabica beans offer a more refined and diverse taste experience, while Robusta beans provide a robust, strong, and bold flavor.

    The best way to decide which suits your palate is to sample various blends and single-origin coffees, allowing you to appreciate coffee's rich world of flavors.

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    Why Coffee is Good for You


    Coffee is now the most consumed drink in the world, next only to water. We rely on it so much that many of us don’t consider ourselves fully functional or awake until we’ve had our cup of joe in the morning. Not to mention at noon, in the afternoon, after we get home from work, etc.

    If you can’t live without coffee, here’s good news; every cup you drink is good for you. Here’s how:

    Coffee fights free radicals.

    Free radicals form in our bodies due to our exposure to pollution and other harmful elements. We need antioxidants to neutralize those free radicals; coffee is a good source.

    In particular, two essential antioxidants can be found in coffee; chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid. Cocoa and tea are good antioxidants, but cup-for-cup coffee contains more antioxidants than both beverages.

    It can prevent cardiovascular disease.

    Some people immediately discount this benefit because coffee causes palpitations and an elevated heartbeat. However, unfiltered coffee contains the antioxidants cafestol and kahweol; these two help balance the cholesterol in the body. 

    Also, coffee intake is associated with lower risks of heart failure and stroke as it allows the release of fatty acids from fatty tissue.

    It improves alertness and brain performance.

    This should be no surprise, considering coffee stimulates the central nervous system. How does this work?

    Our brains have a chemical called adenosine; this chemical tells the brain it is tired and needs rest after a certain period of use. The caffeine in coffee suppresses the actions of adenosine, temporarily increasing our alertness and thought processes for a while.

    Studies also found that the antioxidants in coffee may protect against Parkinson’s disease, prevent dementia, and can be helpful as a treatment for Alzheimer’s disease.

    It improves physical performance.

    It’s not hard to imagine athletes guzzling sports drinks, but what about coffee? It was initially thought the caffeine in coffee helped improve how oxygen is absorbed into the athlete’s body, but coffee helps the body in another way.

    Drinking coffee temporarily heightens blood sugar, which can be helpful for prolonged physical activity because sugar becomes a fuel source. Coffee is also suitable for athletes because it stimulates physical activity.

    Coffee protects your liver.

    Studies show that coffee drinkers have lower chances of abnormal liver function. One of these published in the Archives of Internal Medicine revealed that individuals who drank up to four cups of coffee daily were found to have reduced alcoholic liver syndrome by 20 percent.

    How does coffee work for the liver? Drinking coffee reduces the risk of fibrosis (scar tissue in the liver) and cirrhosis, two other liver conditions, according to a report published in June 2016 by the British Liver Trust. Regular consumption of moderate amounts of coffee may also prevent liver cancer.

    Now for the best news; while there is such a thing as too much coffee, you can have at least three up to five cups a day with no grave consequences to your body. So drink up!

    3 Ways Collagen Helps You Improve Your Skin And Hair (Explained!)


    A skin and hair care routine is demanding for maintaining your beauty. But what if there’s a solution that can help you achieve your skin and hair beauty requirements quickly?

    Collagen is a protein produced in your body. It makes your skin radiant and strengthens your hair. Collagen can boost hydration levels, fight against free radicals, reduce signs of aging, and even relieve joint pain in liquid, powdered, powdered, and other forms.

    Do you wish to learn more about the advantages of Collagen for skin and hair? Then it would help if you read this article. Below we have explained some excellent benefits of incorporating Collagen into your skin and hair care routine. We also show you where to get your Collagen.

    Learn More!

    1. Collagen improves your skin health.

    Collagen is known for improving and maintaining skin health as it is the primary building block in our bodies.

    As the main protein in our body, Collagen helps form our bones, hair, skin, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Accordingly, it also prevents the skin from drying or wrinkles from appearing. Our body naturally makes a lot of Collagen. But over time, its production tends to decrease.

    In our mid-20s, we slowly lose Collagen, and in the first five years of menopause, women tend to lose almost 30 percent of their total collagen production. Accordingly, many anti-aging beauty regimens now focus on collagen supplements as well. The skin tends to dry with reduced collagen production, and wrinkles appear.

    However, various studies show collagen supplements or peptides can slow skin aging and reduce dryness or wrinkles.

    Proksch et al. (2014) found that oral intake of bioactive collagen peptides can reduce wrinkles on the skin. Boruman and Sibilla (2014) also found that daily collagen supplements can reduce visible signs of aging, such as wrinkle formation and increased dryness.

    The participants had taken 50 mL collagen supplements for 60 days, which had noticeable effects on their skin. It happened because studies suggest collagen supplements can stimulate the body to produce more Collagen.

    Supplements like Wild Collagen Peptides can even encourage the production of other proteins in the body that may provide structure to the skin, such as fibrillin and elastin.

    1. Collagen provides amino acids and maintains hair follicles.

    Collagen can also serve as an antioxidant that fights against free radicals, increase keratin production in your body and prevent hair damage.

    On consumption of Collagen and other valuable products, your body breaks down the protein into various amino acids, one of which is keratin, found in Collagen. Hair is mainly made up of keratin, one of the most valuable proteins in the body.

    Accordingly, your body needs keratin to maintain your hair. Free radicals are unstable compounds in your body due to air pollutants, alcohol, stress, smoking, poor diet, and other external influences.

    According to various studies, an increase in the free radicals in the body can directly harm your DNA, protein, and cells. Free radicals can damage hair follicles; as the body ages, it cannot fight against free radicals very effectively. Instead, your body needs various antioxidants to protect your hair.

    According to multiple studies, Collagen can be a powerful antioxidant, especially from fish scales. It is even believed that marine Collagen is more potent than other compounds in products such as tea.

    1. Collagen provides amino acids and maintains hair follicles.

    Collagen also protects our hair by reducing graying and thinning. And it does so by protecting the hair follicles and melanin-producing cells in our bodies.

    Although age-related hair graying is influenced by genetic makeup mainly, free radicals can also cause damage to the cells. As you age, melanin-producing cells may begin to die, while free radicals can cause their destruction.

    Studies suggest that Collagen can fight free radicals and eventually prevent damage to the melanin-producing cells. In this way, Collagen may protect your hair from graying.

    Since Collagen also makes up almost 70 percent of the dermis, the middle layer of the skin containing hair roots, Collagen can maintain the strength and elasticity of the dermis. As your body ages, it becomes inefficient in producing Collagen and protecting the dermis. This is one of the reasons why your hair might become thinner as time passes.

    Accordingly, your body needs Collagen to prevent hair thinning, which you can supplement through Wild Collagen supplements and foods in your diet.

    How to Use Collagen to Improve Your Hair and Skin

    There are various ways to boost collagen levels for healthy hair and skin, including collagen supplements, green leafy vegetables, vitamin C-rich fruits, and aloe vera.

    • Take Wild Collagen Peptides Powder - Wild Collagen by Wild Foods is an unflavored powder you can add to your smoothies, soups, shakes, stews, and other recipes. Wild Collagen Peptides stimulate collagen production in the body and provide skin elasticity. It can even help in relieving joint pain and protecting our
    • Tendons. Wild Foods takes great care when making this product, ensuring it is grain-free, gluten-free, non-GMO, gut-friendly, and paleo-friendly. Its ingredients are sourced from Brazil. And most importantly, the product is also relatively light on the pocket. Studies show immense benefits of intaking collagen peptides, especially for skin elasticity, which makes this product scientifically backed.
    • Eat foods rich in hyaluronic acid - Hyaluronic acid is a crucial compound that makes up Collagen in the skin. Therefore, it is essential to take foods rich in hyaluronic acids, such as beans, soy, and root vegetables. This compound is also present in many supplements, proving that it can help boost collagen levels.
    • Use Aloe Vera gel - Aloe Vera is often used for soothing the skin and easing a rash. But some studies have shown that Aloe Vera can also help produce hyaluronic acid and Collagen if people intake an extract of aloe known as Aloe sterols. Accordingly, using products that contain aloe can be beneficial. You can also use oral supplements that contain this extract.
    • Take Vitamin C - According to research, Vitamin C helps create more Collagen in the body and protect the body. It is one significant reason many skincare companies add vitamin C to their protective creams. Vitamin C (or L-ascorbic acid) is a crucial component of your diet. Since the human body cannot produce Vitamin C, it is essential to manage your diet to fulfill your Vitamin C requirements. You can take Vitamin C as a supplement or eat foods rich in it, such as green leafy vegetables, strawberries, papaya, and citrus fruits.


    Collagen benefits your skin, hair, and even your joints. As one of the main building blocks of our bodies, Collagen can maintain the overall skin by reducing wrinkles, increasing skin elasticity, and preventing dryness.

    Collagen also contributes to more robust and longer hair by protecting hair follicles and melanin-producing cells. You can incorporate Collagen into your lifestyle by eating beans, green leafy vegetables, and fruits or using our gluten-free, dairy-free, non-GMO collagen supplement, Wild Collagen. Wild Collagen is tasteless, and it dissolves easily in any liquid.

    Dip, stir and drink!